Know why Rishi Panchami is celebrated? And who are the Sapta Rishis?

Rishi Panchami festival is dedicated to Saptarishis namely Kashyapa, Atri, Bharadwaja, Vishvamitra, Gautama Maharishi, Jamadagni, and Vashishtha; who were created by Lord Brahma to impart education and knowledge to the human race. On this day the people express respect, gratitude, and remembrance of the great deeds of those ancient Rishis, who devoted their life for the welfare of society.

Who are Sapta Rishis?

1) Kashyapa Rishi:
Rishi Kashyapa was the son of Rishi Marichi and his wife, Kala. He composed a book named Kashyapa Samhita, a book on Ayurvedic obstetrics, pediatrics, and gynecology. He also wrote many other books like Kashyapa Jnanakandah, Kashyapasilpa, Kashyapa Dharmasutra, etc based on spirituality, music, and architecture.

2) Atri:
Rishi Atri is believed to be the composer of the fifth Mandala of the Rig Veda. He was married to Devi Anasuya, a chaste woman praised by Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma, and Lord Vishnu. As per the Ramayana, Lord Rama, Mata Sita, and Lakshmana visited the hermitage of Sage Atri and Anasuya, during their Vanvas/ period of exile.

3) Vashishta:
Rishi Vashishta is the author of the seventh Mandala of the Rig Veda. He is also the author of books such as Agni Purana, Yoga Vashistha, and Vishnu Purana. He was married to Arundhati, a chaste woman, who was worshipped by the rishis.

4) Vishvamitra:
Vishvamitra, one of the important characters in Valmiki’s Ramayana, is the composer of the third Mandala of the Rig Veda. The powerful Gayatri Mantra is said to have been discovered by him. Before becoming one of the Saptarishis, Vishwamitra was a Chandravanshi king named of Kaushika of Kanyakubja.

5) Gautama
Gautama Rishi is believed to have penned various hymns in the first Mandala of the Rig Veda. He was married to Ahalya. The river Godavari and the Trayambakeshwar Shiva Linga of Nashik are associated with Gautama Rishi, who performed intense penance to please Lord Shiva.

6) Jamadagni:
Jamadagni Rishi hailed from the lineage of Sage Bhrigu. He had in-depth knowledge of the scriptures as well as the art of warfare. He is believed to be the father of Parashurama, one of the avatars of Lord Vishnu.

7) Bharadwaja:
Bharadwaja is believed to be one of the early physicians and economists of ancient India. The books Bharadvaja Srautasutra and Grhyasutra, Dhanur Veda, Niti Shastra, and Bharadvaja Shiksha, are attributed to him. His theories find a mention in the Charaka Samhita, a book on Ayurveda.

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